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SUNNILIVE

"Islamic Research Media"

Salik (Initiate)

A salik (initiate) is a traveler who follows a way to a goal and makes efforts to meet with God. The way of traveling differs according to the capacity, abilities and gifts with which each individual has been favored. Some are extraordinarily attracted and taken by God Himself to the ranks of loving and being loved by God and being pleased with Him and His being pleased with them, without having to observe some of the rules that must be observed during journeying. Such are mentioned as those who are attracted by God. They can reach, through the blessings of the Prophet’s Ascension, in a few minutes, hours or days the states and stations that others can reach after many periods of suffering, and become purified of carnal dirt. Their hearts are refined in the shortest way possible and, reaching their Beloved and Desired One at a speed that is not possible through other efforts, they are able to feel all the spiritual pleasures of being favored with His company. They have reached the horizon of “a perfect human being,” which is regarded as the point where the outward and inward have been united.

These perfect ones, who are attracted by God toward Him, are the hidden treasures of the Divine mysteries, the centers on which the lights of the Divine Knowledge and Existence are focused, and those who offer the water of life to believers for the health of their spiritual life, a water with which they will quench their thirst for eternity. They revive dead hearts with their speeches, open blind eyes with their glance and attentions, and cure the spiritual wounds of those who are in their aura. They live intoxicated with ever new gifts and favors, and cause those around them to experience the most dazzling of observations. With their seeing directed by their insight, and their speaking dependent on their hearts, they are enraptured with the colors and lines which pertain to Him, and which they see in everything they look at, and they scatter pearls and coral whenever they open their mouths to speak. Since they are dazzled and enchanted by even a half-seeing of Him, those who do not know them think that they are insane or intoxicated. Ruhi of Baghdad[1] describes their state very well:

Do not think that we are intoxicated with the wine of the grape;
We are among the intoxicated from eternity in the past.

If some temporarily go into ecstasies with the initial signs of Him, they immediately come to their senses because of their nature, and they take refuge in wakefulness and self-possession, continuing on their way to meeting God in wakefulness. There is nothing in their feelings, thoughts or acts which causes people confusion; nor are there utterances of pride incompatible with the rules of Shari’a, nor any affectations, nor relaxed behavior. They advance toward being pleased with Him and His being pleased with them in reliance on Him in the atmosphere of The eye did not swerve, nor did it stray (53:17).

Some others complete their spiritual journey by observing its heavenly rules, reaching the horizon of attraction toward God with the support of Divine help and feeling as if their will-power has been connected to a sacred center of attraction. They continue their future life connected to that center in the manner of those who have let themselves go in the current. You can find in such people, who have taken off toward nothingness and carnal non-existence, neither anxieties, worries, nor grief. They are occupied with the Eternal Friend, they feel His intimacy, and live free from uneasiness and troubles because of the peace they find in His presence. The following verses of Niyazi Misri[2] indicate this horizon in one respect:

Having renounced the worldly worries,
And taken off to carnal non-existence;
Zealously flying without ceasing,
I call, “O Friend, O Friend!”

There are still some others who constantly make an effort, from the beginning to the end, and, without expecting any return, sincerely fulfill their duties of servanthood. They neither feel attraction nor are attracted toward God, nor do they display any affectations, nor have any superiority or inferiority complexes or fancies and fantasies. They show great will-power and patience, observing even the least important rules of devotion without any show and being extraordinarily steadfast in His way. They prefer living an Islamic life over wonder-working and pleasures, and never adopt Paradise and what lies beyond it as a goal of their devotion. Regarding believing and devotion as the greatest blessing of the Lord, they live in thankfulness for such gifts in utmost humility and modesty. With his particular style, Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi describes being favored with this blessing as follows:

Happiness has come and held us by the skirt,
And set up our tent in the heaven.
Yesterday the Beloved asked me:
“How do you do with this unfaithful world?”
I answered: “How can one be who,
Has seen the fortune of the fortunate state?
Thanks that I have found in the bottom of my teeth
The sugar that Egypt cannot see even in her dreams.”

The first thing an initiate must do is to turn to God in repentance and contrition, in determination to emigrate to what God is pleased with from what He is not, to what He asks us to do from what He does not, and to a life in the heart and the spirit from a carnal life. So long as their efforts are supported by such a high degree of refinement of the carnal self, purification of heart, and good morals, initiates feel that they change both inwardly and outwardly while their horizons become gradually enlightened. To the extent of their sincerity and purity of intention, they begin to present an example of straightforwardness in acting, with the mechanism of their consciousness becoming gradually radiant. With belief developing into conviction, and conviction deepening with increasing knowledge of God, and knowledge of God being transformed into love, and love growing into burning passion, and passion ending in constant wonder, a human being, who has been created of dust, of wet clay, becomes the focus of attention for the inhabitants of the heavens. Those dwelling in the pure realm of the Divine dominion regard it an honor to follow the example of such humans. Whoever turns to them for guidance intends to be guided to the truth, and whoever holds fast to them intends to grasp a strong rope.

This “greatest copy and pattern of creation”, who has become a source of radiance in the inner depth of his or her self, turns into a center of Divine gifts and a storeroom of favors, becomes a blessed one who offers everyone the water of life. Each of the different mansions which such a traveler passes through during the journey upward is called a “state,” and the relatively stable point to which his or her abilities develop, and which we may describe as the “arch of perfections” of a traveler, is called a “station.” “The gifts and radiance of everyone is in proportion to his or her capacity.”

Every traveler to the Truth ends the journey at a certain peak and observes all the worlds, materially and spiritually, from this summit or pinnacle. The final point which every traveler reaches according to his or her capacity is the peak particular to that individual, and therefore each peak is of a relative height. The highest, the only real peak, which separates the mortal from the Eternal or the contingent from the absolutely necessary, which is mentioned in the Qur’an in “or nearer” in the statement a distance between the strings of two bows adjacent each other or even less (53:9), which describes the nearness of God’s Messenger to God, is the one belonging to the master of creation, upon him be the most perfect of blessings. All other heights are defined, in comparison with one another, with such expressions as “lower” or higher” or “greater” or “less” and belong to those whom God has made near to Him, and the godly are relative and in proportion to the capacity-capital of everyone and the Divine gifts with which they are favored.

When the initiates step on their individual horizon of perfection and make their heart into a polished mirror to the sacred Divine gifts, that heart becomes familiar with the Divine look and the breezes of Divine inspiration, and they begin to feel and view creation differently, according to the individual’s level. They burn with the excitement of demonstrating to others what each sees and feels.

Those initiates always think of Him and mention Him as “The One to be worshipped is He-God”, breathing the truth of “The One to be sought is He-God”, pondering their inner world and the outer world, respiring with “The One to be known is He-God” and relating everything to the truth of the Divine Being around the axis of Names and Attributes, developing their belief, first based on acceptance without seeing what is believed in, into a conviction based on a seeing by the heart, supported by a state of spiritual pleasures. They experience verbal and physical devotion with such delight that it is as if they have entered Paradise and been favored with a vision of God. Haqani[3] says:

What behoves an initiate is to proclaim: We worship but God alone.

They hold back from everything which they think is not approvable in His sight, and think of Him only. They reflect deeply on a profound understanding of the fields that He allows.

Initiates who have come to the end of their journey think only of Him, consider Him, know and concentrate on Him with His title of “He.” They consider and concentrate on Him because of Him and because they must do so, and they consider all else than Him-whether relating to this world or the next-only in accordance with and in proportion to His permission. For one who has focused on Him only and considers all else save Him because of Him, the only thing to be sought and desired is He and His good pleasure. Let us listen to Mawlana once more:

O you who are seeking the world; you are like a day laborer in this world;
And you, lover of Paradise, are also far distant from truth.
O you, who are unaware of the truth and pleased with the two worlds,
You are excused, for you have not felt the pleasure of suffering for the Beloved’ sake.

In short, initiates who have determined their goal well and who are aware of the horizon where they are, leave both their bodies and souls, with which others are most concerned, on the bench where corpses are washed for burial, and scatter all their capital of being before the door of their heart. Freed from all concerns of everything save Him that may keep them from their way, they turn to their heart and try to understand its voice. They put their eyes and ears under the command of their insight, they plunge into the pure world of metaphysical considerations. It sometimes occurs that they can transcend space in one attempt, and make their voices heard by the inhabitants of heavens in another.

This point, where the heart turns completely to the invisible speaker in it, is like a launch pad from which initiates can rise to the door of eternity in one leap. A step forward, with their head and feet having met at the same point, the heroes of ascension (to God) and descent (to return to being amidst the people) become like a ring. In such state, where the “bird of petition” should be sent to God, lips and voice fall silent, and only the warm sounds of the heart are heard. The head bends itself down to lean ever increasingly on the heart, and whispers to itself: Worship your Lord until certainty comes to you (by death) (15:99).

O God! I ask You for Your love and the love for him who loves You, and for the deeds which will cause me to get near to You.

O God, bestow Your blessings and peace on Your beloved one and the Messenger, Mustafa, and on his family and Companions, who were appreciative and faithful.

[1] Ruhi of Baghdad (d. 1605) was one of the important figures in the Ottoman-Turkish classical literature, who usually wrote about moral issues. (Trans.)

[2] Mehmed Niyazi Misri (d., 1694) was a Sufi poet who was born in Malatya (Turkey), educated in Egypt and lived in Istanbul and Edirne. (Trans.)

[3] Haqani Mehmet bey (d., 1606) was an Ottoman Turkish poet. He spent his whole life in Istanbul. Hilya (“The Portrait”) and Miftah-i Futuhat (“The Key to Conquests”) are his well-known works. (Trans.)

Wali (Aulia)

♦ Wali ka ma’ana hai Dost.

››Auliya Allāh ALLĀH ta’ala ke wo Mo’min Saaleh Muqaddas bande hote hain jo Rab ke mehboob aur muqarrab wa pasandeeda hote hain jinko ma’arifat e ilāhi aur qurb e ilāhi ka ek khaas darja mila hai.

›› Wilaayat ki 3 qisme hain :

[1] Wilaayat e Fitari – Jo paida’ishi wali Allāh hote hain.

[2] Wilaayat e Kasabi – Jo apni ibaadat, riyaazat aur zohado taqwa se Allāh ke wali bante hain.

[3] Wilaayat e Wahabi (Ataai) – Jo kisi ki dua se wali Allāh bante hain (Kisi Wali Allāh ki ya Ahle bait Alaihissalaam /Aal e Rasool ki ya Peer ki ya Waalidain ki dua se).

›› Auliya Allāh har zamaane me hote hain aur qayaamat tak hote rahenge.

›› Ba’az Auliya Allāh Wilaadat (paida’ish) se hi zaahir hote hain, ba’az kuchh arse ke ba’ad aur ba’az wisaal (dunya se parda farmaane) ke baad zaahir hote hain.

›› Wilaayat ke bahot se Darjaat hote hain :

1). Ghaus

2). Qutub

3). Nuqaba

4). Awtaad

5). Abraar

6). Abdaal

7). Akhyaar

Ghaus Wilaayat ka sab se a’ala darja hai.

›› Duniya mae 1 Ghaus, 3 Qutub, 3 Nuqaba, 4 Awtaad, 7 Abraar, 14 Abdaal aur 300 Akhyaar hote hain.

Jab kisi Akhyaar ka wisaal hota hai ya us to ALLĀH ta’ala kisi Mo’min Saaleh ko Akhyaar banaata hai. Jab kisi Abdaal ka wisaal hota hai to Akyaar me se kisi ek ko Abdaal banaata hai. Jab kisi Abraar ka wisaal hota hai to Abdaal me kisi aik ko Abraar banaata hai. Kisi Awtaad ka wisaal hota hai to Abraar me se kisi aik ko Awtaad me banaata hai. Jab kisi Nuqaba ka wisaal hota hai to kisi Awtaad ko Nuqaba banaata hai. Jab kisi Qutub ka wisaal hota hai to Nuqaba me se kisi aik ko Qutub banaata hai aur Jab Ghaus ka wisaal hota hai to Qutub me se kisi ek ko Ghaus banaata hai.Aur in ki muqarrar ta’adaad utni hi rehti hai.

›› Har ilaake ke Abdaal ki kuchh khaas zimmedaari hoti hai jaise Baarish barsaana, Rizq taqseem karna aur Balaao ko door karna.

Hazrat ! Yeh baccha kon tha ?

Ek martaba Imam ul Hind Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haqq Muhaddis Dehlwi QuddisaSirruhu (d. 1052 AH/ 1642 CE) ki khidmat mein Ek bohut barday Alim e Deen mulaqat ke liye tashreef laey, toh Hazrat ne unse musafah (hand shake) kiya aur barabar (besides) bithaya.

Guftugu shuru hui, isi asna mein, aik nau-umar (young age) bacha (kid) aya jo bosidah (old ragged) kaprday zaebtan (worn) kiye huey tha. Usko dekh kar Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haqq Muhaddis Dehlwi Saheb ehteraman (in respect) kharday hogaey aur jabtak woh bacha chala na gaya Aap kharday (standing) rahey.

Hazrat ka is tarah ehteram mein kharday hona Maulana ko kuch nagawaar sa guzra. Pucha: “Hazrat! Ye bacha kaun tha?” Aap ne Farmaya, “Aal e Rasool hai (yani, Syed hai),” SallallaahuAlaihiWaAalihiWaSallam.

Maulana ne pucha ke,”Hazrat Ek Alim e Deen Afzal/Superior hai ya Ek Aal e Rasool hai? SallallaahuAlaihiWaAalihiWaSallam

Hazrat Muhaddis ne barda mudallall (full-proof) jawab diya, farmaya, “Maulana! “Main Aap se aik sawal poochta hoon ke, Aap ne abtak kitney Alim banaey?” Maulana ne farmaya: “Taqreeban sattar (70) Ulama merey shagird hokar farigh (graduate) huey hain, yani sattar (70) Ulama main ne banaey hain.”

To Hazrat ne pucha, “Syed kitney banaey?” Ye sawal sunkar Maulana khamoosh hogaey, to Hazrat ne farmaya, “Maulana! Aap isi se andazah karlein ke, ‘Alim to banaya ja sakta hai, aur Syed sirf wohi ban sakta hai jisey Allah Ta’ala banaey.'”

Maulana ne phir aik sawal pucha ke, “Agar koi Syed bey Amal ho jaey to kiya uska ehteraam Wajib hai?”

Hazrat ne Maulana se sawal kiya ke, “Quran e Majeed mein kitni Ayaat aisi hain jin par Amal nahin kiya jata, ya Ayaat matrukah (discarded) hain?”

Maulana ne kaha: “Kaiy Ayaat mansookh (abrogated) hain,” Hazrat ne phir sawal kiya ke “kiya in Ayaat ko Kalam e Paak se khaarij (remove) kardiya hai?” Maulana ne kaha, “Nahin balke Quran e Majeed mein shamil hain kiyun ke Allah Ta’ala ka kalam hai, aur un Ayaat ka ehteraam bhi Farz hai, hum sab unko choomte hain, aankhon se lagatey hain.”

Hazrat Muhaddis Saheb ne farmaya: “Ayse hi bey-Amal Sadaat ko bhi Aal e Rasool SallallaahuAlaihiWaAalihiWaSallam samajh kar ehteraam karo, Baqi raha unka Amal, to woh unka apna muamlah hai.”

(Book Reference : Sirat ut Taalibeen)

Sufi Silsilaa kab Wajood mae aaya

“Sayyeduna Siddiq-e-Akbar RadiAllahu Ta’ala Anhu Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam ki Ziyarat keliye hazir hue. Ju he andar dakhil hue to dekha ke Sayyeda Aaisha Siddiqa aur 2 (na baalig) Ansari ladkiya (jo peshewar gaane waali nahi thin) daff bajakar Ansar ke bahaduri ke kalaam padh rahi thin. Unki taraf mutawajjah hogaye aur dusri simt nahi dekha jaha Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam bhi Bistar par Tashreef farma they. Udhar dhyan nahi gaya, ju he dakhil hue to dekha ke wo daff baja rahi hain aur nagma gaa rahi hain, taarikhi, sakafati, paakiza kalimat. Ummul Momineen Hazrat Aaisha Siddiqa Salamullahi Alaiha bhi baithi hain. Sayyeduna Siddiq-e-Akbar ne dekhte he Unko kaha: RasoolAllah ke Ghar me shaitani mizmaar baja rahi ho?

Sakhti se jo daanta to wo ghabra ke chup kargayin aur Hazrat Aaisha Siddiqa RadiAllahu Ta’ala Anha bhi khamosh hogayin ke Walid-e-Girami hain.

Ye baat jab keh chuke to us waqt tak Unhone Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam ki taraf nahi dhyan kiya tha ke Bistar pe Kaun leta hai. Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam Chadar odhe, jaagkar khamoshi se lete hue they aur jaag rahe they. Jab Unhone Sayyeduna Siddiq-e-Akbar RadiAllahu Anhu ke sakht aur tambeeh bhare kalimat sune to Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam Mutawwajah hue aur farmaya:

“Ya Aba Bakr! Lee kulli qaumin Eid wa haza youmu Eidina!”

“Har qaum ki ek Eid hoti hai aaj Hamara bhi Eid ka Din hai!”

Sayyeduna Siddiq-e-Akbar RadiAllahu Ta’ala Anhu khamosh hogaye bus Hadees-e-Pak ka mazmoon yahape khatam hogaya. Riwayat hai Sahih Bukhari aur Muslim ki Muttafaq Alaih Jiska Mazmoon yahapar khatam hogaya. Isme se 3 nikaat Fawayadul Hadees me se unko ek do do jumle me bayan karta hun jo isme se akhz kiya.

Sayyeduna Siddiq-e-Akbar RadiAllahu Ta’ala Anhu ne aake jo sakhti se mana kiya, to is Amal-e-Abu Bakr Siddiq se Tariqa Naqshbandiya wujood me aaya! Unke Amal se Naqshbandi Tariqat wujood me aayi.

Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam jo khamosh mana kiye bagair khamosh Tashreef farma they aur kuch nahi farmaya tha khamosh Lete they, Unki Khamoshi ki Sunnat se Tariqa Qadriya wujood me aaya!

Aur jab Sayyeduna Siddiq e Akbar ne sakhti se mana kiya aur Aaqa SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam ne farmaya “Lee kulli qaumin eidun fa haza youmu Eidina”, jab Tauseeq farmadi to isse Tariqa Chistiya wujood me aaya!

Ye Fawayadul Hadees hain is Bukhari Shareef ki Hadees ke!”

SallAllahu Alaihi wa Ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baarik wa Sallim

Sahih Bukhari, 1/324, #909

Sahih Muslim, 2/607, #892

Allahumma Salle Ala Sayyedina wa Maulana Muhammadiw wa Ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baarik wa Sallim

The Eleven Hijabaat (Veils) of Sufism

“From among the multitude, Allah gracious appoints some selected persons as His friends to preach His commandments for the benefit of the world. Their one greatest qualification is that they renounce the wealth and pleasures of the world and dedicate their lives to the love, devotion and service of Allah and humanity. When others fear, they don’t. And when others feel the pinch of sorrows and pain, they don’t. When the world would have no such Walis then the Day-of-Qayamat would dawn upon it.”

–Hazrat Ali Hujwari Data Ganj Baksh of Lahore

 The basic concept of Sufism is quite simple: that humans were created by a Supreme Creator (Allah) Who sent to His humanity over the course of time a succession of Prophets  (Alaihis Salaam)  who revealed to this humanity the rules of life and conduct for living not only a harmonious life on this earth, but also for securing salvation in the next world.

In practical terms, the method of living out this life is reposited in the life example of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s. Alaihis Salaam .) the final Prophet, who was sent to correct errors that had crept into the Divine Code revealed by prior Prophets  (Alaihis Salaam) , and also to complete the Divine Revelation to humanity. Thus, the mission of all previous Prophets  (Alaihis Salaam)  is accepted and respected, yet the Sufis follow the example of the final prophet, since it is conveyed by a book which is errorless, and deemed as Final by the Creator, the One who Sent it.

It would have been possible, easy even, for Allah to have left His Quran laying somewhere for everyone to find it. Yet, He, in His Wisdom, chose to have a human being first convey the Book, and then demonstrate and comment on each and every action ordained in the Qur’an. There is no comparable book or sequence of events associated with any other human in history.

The scope of life outlined in the Holy Quran is at once immensely practical and utterly sublime. Instead of each person making up their own mind, or interpreting according to their own whim or wish, we have a book of advices and codes which cannot possibly be arrived at by individual thought, choice or action.

In order to correctly implement the life outlined in the Holy Quran, it is the practice of Muslims to “imitate” the behaviors of the Holy Prophet (s. Alaihis Salaam .w.) . Yet, there are many verses and topics of the Quran which require deep thought and guidance for one to avoid being misled by one’s own interpretation and imagination.

Moreover, there are spiritual states alluded to in the Quran, which, in order to correctly understand or perform, Allah subhanu wa taala advises us to consult with various persons whom He identifies as “possessing Knowledge,” or “beloved friends,” and similar descriptions. In sum, He grants that some are better or clearer than others in their understanding of His intentions for humanity.

It is in the foregoing context that the Sufi Orders arose — not for the sake of evading or corrupting the Divine Commandments for humanity, but to methodically study and implement the Divine Codes to the highest degree possible in human beings.

According to the Chishti Sufi conception, there are eleven Hijabaat (veils) intervening between man and Allah, barriers to either fully implementing His Commands, or to fully experiencing the Light and Mercy which He has Promised.

The curriculum of the Chishti Order is designed to be carried out in a “teacher-student” context. While the course of study and practice ordinarily carries on for an extended period of up to 25 or 30 years, below we summarize the “veils” or barriers to true knowledge and understanding, which the instruction of the Shaikh aims to dissolve. In sum, Sufism is nothing but the heart and soul of Islam, expressed in a conceptual framework.

The Eleven Veils

(1) Maarifat (Knowledge of Allah)

The first Hijaab or veil is the veil of Allah’s Maarifat, the Divine Knowledge pertaining to the relation of Allah with man.

Certain critics say that Maarifat is attained by ilm (knowledge) and aql (wisdom), but Shaikh Ali Hujwari refutes this claim. He says: “If Maarifat were attainable by ilm and aql then every alim (learned scholar) and wiser person should have been an Aarif (Sufi faqeer) whose definition and life are absolutely different from the definition and life of the Ulema (learned scholars). But it is not the case.” He says “Maarifat is attained only by that aspirant who receives special favour or Hidayat of Allah because it is Allah alone Who opens, closes, widens or seals the door of an aspirant’s heart. Ilm and Aql (knowledge and wisdom) can be helpful in attaining Maarifat but they cannot be its cause which is created only by the favour of Allah.” “I have recognized Allah only through Himself and all else through His Light.”

“What is Ma’arifat then?” asks Hazrat Ali Hujwari. He discusses the answer to this question in the light of the matured experiences of the great Sufis of the world:

Hazrat Abdullah-bin-Mubarik says : “Maarifat means that there should be no wonderment about anything of the world because this wonderment is created by Allah and is an act which is beyond all human conception, wisdom and powers. Because Allah Almighty has full control and command over everything of both the worlds then why should an Aarif (Sufi) entertain doubts or wonder about the powers and actions of Allah? They are as sure as daylight.”

According to Hazrat Zunnoon Misri, “the reality of Maarifat is that Allah, by the persistent effulgence of His divine light, divulges His secrets to the Aarif and illumines his heart and eyes by this Light to protect him against all the evils of the world without permitting even an iota of any doubts or reflection in the heart of the Aarif. After acquiring this stage in Maarifat a Sufi continues to see and enjoy all the manifestations of Divine Secrets.”

Hazrat Shibli says that Maarifat is the name of everlasting wonderment. There are two kinds of this wonderment. One is experienced during the state of sukr and the other one during the state of sehav”. (Both of these states are described in the Glossary of Sufi Terms). “If it prevails in the state of sehav, it amounts to kufr, (disbelief or faithlessness) but if it prevails in the state of sukr then it is Ma ‘Arifat because there can be no doubt whatever in the existence or presence of Allah in this state. And it is by this wonderment of Allah’s existence that a Sufi’s faith is strengthened and conclusively confirmed.”

Hazrat Bayazid Bastami says that “Maarifat is the source of conviction of a Sufi that everything of the universe is under the dominating control and power of Allah, that nobody else has any authority whatever upon His kingdom; that everything has its connection with Allah; that everything is at the mercy of His command and that everything derives its qualification from the store-house of Allah’s qualifications; that everything which is manifesting itself is manipulated by His Power and, lastly, that all the moving and stationary objects of the world, like the mountains, skies, earth, etc. are in their places because of His wish to keep this most wonderful drama of His creation going under the “Divine Scheme of  Things”–an everlasting Divine Order of the Universe.

(2) Tauheed (Unity of Allah)

The second Hijaab or veil is that of Tauheed (Oneness or Unity) of Allah. There are three kinds: (1) That Allah Himself is aware of His Oneness; (2) that He commands man to accept and recognize His oneness; and (3) that people know about the Oneness of Allah.

And when a Sufi attains the knowledge of Allah’s realization, he feels that Allah is One who recognizes no duality in His existence, that He is eternally ancient and, therefore, free of all changes incidental to every thing of the world. He Allah is not limited to the four walls of a house; He needs no home to live in. Allah has no soul for which a body is needed to get in. Allah has no body in any shape or form whatever for which He might need a soul. He is born of no parents and nothing changes His Oneness and divine attributes. Allah has lived ever since, and shall live for all time. He knows, hears, sees and speaks. He does what He wishes and He wishes what He knows. Allah’s Commandments are His wish for the good of mankind on earth and, religiously speaking, mankind has no choice but to submit to and obey Him faithfully. He is the cause of all profit and loss. He alone can judge best all the affairs of both the worlds.

Of all the fundamental principles, recognized by great religions of the world, Tauheed, i.e. Allah’s Oneness, is the main pillar over which their basic structures stand.

(3) Iman (Faith)

The third veil is of Iman (faith) which is the mainspring of every religion of the world, and not of Islam alone. What is the cause of Iman? Is it Ma’arifat or obedience? One group of Sufis maintains that the cause of Iman (faith) is Ma’arifat, because it is through Ma’arifat that man sees the wonderments and the astonishing manifestations of Allah which convince him of His existence, apart from all the other enormous amount of evidence illuminating between heaven and earth.

If there is only Ma’arifat and no obedience of man, Allah may not question him about his faith. But if there is neither obedience nor Ma’arifat, then man would be answerable to Allah for his faith, and he will never have salvation or peace in both the worlds.

As a matter of fact, Iman is a highly delicate spring in the machinery of deen (religion). Hazrat Ali Hujwari says, “there can be no Ma’arifat without Iman and obedience”. Ma’arifat is the name of shauq (fondness) and love, and the root of all fondness and love is obedience. The more that fondness and love flare up in one’s heart, the more is one’s obedience to and respect for Allah and His commandments.

It is wrong to say that obedience is necessary only up to the stage of acquiring Ma’arifat, and that after it is once attained, a Sufi is saved of all his strivings and other wordily duties. When a Sufi’s heart. by his constant devotion, becomes the abode of Allah’s love, his eyes become the abode of Allah’s manifestations and his life becomes the subject of Divine teachings. But even then the body must not give up His obedience and, in fact, it cannot.

(4) Tahaarat (Cleanliness)

The fourth Hijaab (veil) is that of Tahaarat (cleanliness). After Iman, Tahaarat is an imperative link of the Sufi’s life. It has two kinds: (1) Tahaarat-e-Zaahir or outwardly cleanliness concerning the purity of his body; and (2) Tahaarat-e-Baatin or inward cleanliness. Without Tahaarat-e-Zaahir, Salat or prayer and all other devotional rites are not permissible or acceptable under the law of Shariat. Tahaarat-e-Baatin means purity of heart and spirit without which no Ma’arifat can be attained.

(5) Tauba (Repentance)

A default in the conduct of a Sufi or Muslim is forgivable by offering Tauba (repentance) before Allah. It can ward off Allah’s wrath against man’s sins. There are three conditions of Tauba: (1) repentance for opposition and default in breaking the Divine Law; (2) repentance that this default or opposition should not have been occasioned after any previous repentance; and (3) that there should be no idea of returning towards any pre-Tauba faults and shortcomings after the repentance.

These conditions are possible only when one feels ashamed of his sins. For this shamefulness too, there are 3 conditions: (1) fear of punishment, (2) knowledge of the fact that sinful deeds are to be punished, and (3) repentance for previous lapses of disobedience, because Allah sees and knows everything which a man does.

(6) Salat (Namaz or Prayer)

The sixth Hijaab (veil) is that of Salat, the Islamic prayer. Hazrat All Hujwari describes various beneficial meanings of Salat in the light of Sufism. He says: “Salat not only puts the devotee on the path leading to Allah but also opens up all the secrets of this path to a keenly devoted mind.” For instance, wuzu (ablution) means outward cleanliness of the body, the first and foremost condition to prepare for Salat. Then comes tauba (repentance) which means inner cleanliness of the devotee. Then comes the standing posture facing towards Kaaba, which means the devotee’s implicit faith in and devotion to Allah. Then comes Qayaam which means struggle against Nafs. Then starts the Qirat (recitation of certain Qur’anic verses) which means zikr or remembrance of Allah. Then follows ruku (the first forward bending-pose) which denotes humility overpowering the Nafs. Then comes Tashhed-e-Uns which indicates assertion of the devotee’s complete faith in and love for Allah. And finally comes Salaam which means to turn away from all worldly attractions with the blessings of Allah. This is a brief analysis of the benefits or philosophy of Salat as interpreted by Sufis. See also “Postures of the Prophets” for further explanations of the benefits and features of Salat.

Concentration In Salaat

Real Salat is that during which the devotee himself is present in Aalam-e-Nasoot (in this world) but his soul sours high in Aalam-e-Arwah (the spiritual world). This is the most difficult kind of Salat which only prophets, awlia (saints) and great Sufis can perform. Common people need a lot of concentration practice to do it, and yet they may fail.

Hazrat Hatira Asum used to say: “When I offer my Salat, I see Paradise at my right and hell at my back.”

(7) Zakat (Charity)

The seventh Hijaab (veil) is that of Zakat, the religious tax under Shariat to help the poor and the needy which has a direct bearing upon a Muslim’s faith. Hazrat Ali Hujwari says: “A Sufi in this respect must not be a philanthropist, who makes distinction in granting charity. But he must be like a Jawad who makes no discrimination at all in charity. The rich make discrimination in offering Zakat from their good or bad earnings. But a Sufi must act like a Jawad who makes no such discrimination.”

On what grounds a Sufi who has renounced the world and has no assets, no trade or business to earn anything is eligible to pay Zakat? He has to live on Tawakkal (absolute trust and reliance upon Allah for every need). Zakat is not only leviable upon one’s wealth and frugality. It also is payable on other benefits of life also, such as the blessings of Allah enjoyed by man at every step of his life, particularly the enjoyment of his sound physical health and fitness. He can and must certainly offer his share of Zakat in gratitude to Allah. Did not Allah gracious keep him and his limbs fit to perform his Salat? There is no wealth better than health. Hence gratitude is the kind of Zakat which even the poorest can afford to pay in return of Allah’s blessings.

Sayem (Fasting)

The eight Hijaab (veil) is that of Sayaam (fasting). Sayaam means control of the passions and desires of Nafs under the pain of hunger and thirst for at least thirty days in a year as a means of regular training and practice for a disciplined life. Hunger not only controls the Nafs and its desires. but it also creates humility in one’s behavior. Although hunger emaciates the body physically, yet it generates a devotee’s spiritual force which kindles divine light in the heart and develops will-power.

Hazrat Abul Abbas Qassab used to say: “When I eat I find the substance of evil and sin in me, and when I draw hand from eating, I find this act to be the reality of all devotion.” Hazrat Abdullah Tastari used to take his food only once in a fortnight, while throughout the thirty days of Ramadan (fasting month) he took no other meals except Iftaar (light refreshments taken to break the fast). Hazrat Ibrahim Adham also did the same during the Ramadan month in spite of the fact that he had to go out daily under the burning sun to cut and gather corn in the fields to earn his living. But the real splendor of this example lies in that whatever wages he earned by such a hard toil, he cheerfully distributed the same among the poor and the needy.

(9) Hajj (Pilgrimage To Kaaba)

The ninth Hijaab (veil) is that of Hajj. Hazrat The Hajj for a Sufi is the occasion for offering his tauba (repentance) to Allah.”

During the Hajj there are various rituals: (1) wearing of ihram (the solitary white cloth) means giving up all bad habits; (2) staying in Arafaat means absorption of divine love; (3) going to Muzdalifa means giving up of the passions of Nafs; (4) Tawaaf, or making rounds of the Kaaba, means seeing the divinity of Allah; (5) coming back to Mina means forgetting all desires of one’s heart; (6) running in Sara and Marwa means purifying the heart and soul; (7) Qurbani or sacrifice means sacrificing all the desires and passions of Nafs; and ( throwing of pebbles at the devil means throwing away of the bad companions and associates.

Hazrat Ali Hujwari adds: “If a Sufi fails to observe and learn the foregoing lessons from his pilgrimage to Kaaba, his going for Hajj will make no difference to him and will indeed be an aimless and vain show.”

(10) Mushaheda (Coming Face to Face with Divine Light)

The tenth Hijaab (veil) is that of mushaheda, that is, coming face to face with the Divine Light. Hazrat Ali Hujwari thinks that “Hajj is the only place of mushaheda for a Sufi.” Hazrat Abul Abbas says: “Mushaheda means a Sufi’s unswerving faith surcharged with overwhelming love for Allah; the devotee sees nothing else except the Light of Allah all around.” Hazrat Shaikh Shibli says: “In everything I saw, I found the Light of Allah in myriad colors and forms,”

(11) Aadaab-E-Saalik (Scrupulous Etiquette Of The Sufi)

The etiquette (behavior) of a Sufi is a very complex topic. The following points give some sense of the extraordinary life attitudes engendered in the Sufi:

(1) A Sufi must staunchly adhere to the commandments of Allah and traditions .of the Prophet.

(2) A Sufi must necessarily maintain cordial relations with the public indiscriminately.

(3) A Sufi must seek the company of other great Sufis as far as possible.

(4) A Sufi must welcome all who come to him with love and due regard.

(5) If a Sufi undertakes a journey. it should be strictly for the sake of Allah; i.e. for Hajj, seeking of knowledge, etc.

(6) A Sufi must eat very little like a patient and his food should have been procured by honest means; he must try to avoid invitations from the worldly people.

(7) A Sufi must never go to the courts of kings and must refuse to accept any kind of rewards or gratifications for his maintenance.

(8)A Sufi must walk in all humility without the slightest tinge of pride or vanity.

(9) A Sufi must sleep as little as possible in order to save time for his devotional duties.

(10) A Sufi must observe silence because silence is better than speech, but if he must speak then talking in favour of Allah and Truth is always better than silence.

(11) Bachelorship for a Sufi is against Sunnah, but if he wishes to be aloof of the world, then it is his ornament.

Conclusion

Sufism is a vast and most intricate divine subject to deal with in English, specially in a limited space. It is a special spiritual branch of Islam, as we have seen. It is indeed a Divine Knowledge which is bestowed by Allah upon a selected few for the benefit of humanity. Within the history of Islam, Sufism has carved out and built up a most brilliant history, a force for rejuvenating and strengthening Islam, against its enemies–the forces of the devil and his unbridled materialism.

Syed se Bugz

Daure hāzir me loogo se dast bosi aur wazifa lene ka aasan tarīn tarīqa

Sadate Izzam ki tanqīs karen unki burayi aur unme nuks talash Karen aur logo se dast bosi, Majālis aur mota nazrana ata hoga.!!!

Allah ke janib se Mawaddate Panjatan Pak alayhimusalam Musalmano par Fardh hai :

قُل لَّا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَىٰ

[ Surah Shura, Aayat – 23 ].

Rasūlullah ka farmane Aalishan :

Mai tumme do wazani chīzen choren ja raha hu unhe Masbuti se thāme rakhna ek Allah ki kitab aur dusri meri Ahle bayt. Mai tumhe apni Ahle bayt ke muta`liq Allah ki yaad dilata hu, Mai tumhe apni Ahle bayt ke muta`liq Allah ki yaad dilata hu, Mai tumhe apni Ahle bayt ke muta`liq Allah ki yaad dilata hu.

ثُمَّ قَالَ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه

وسلم يَوْمًا فِينَا خَطِيبًا بِمَاءٍ يُدْعَى خُمًّا بَيْنَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَوَعَظَ وَذَكَّرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَلاَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ رَسُولُ رَبِّي فَأُجِيبَ وَأَنَا تَارِكٌ فِيكُمْ ثَقَلَيْنِ أَوَّلُهُمَا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ فِيهِ الْهُدَى وَالنُّورُ فَخُذُوا بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَاسْتَمْسِكُوا بِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَحَثَّ عَلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَرَغَّبَ فِيهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَأَهْلُ بَيْتِي أُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ فِي أَهْلِ بَيْتِي أُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ فِي أَهْلِ بَيْتِي أُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ فِي أَهْلِ بَيْتِي

[ Sahīh Muslim – 2408 ].

Sayyiduna Ali ( Karram Allahu Wajahul Karīm ) ne Farmaya :

قال علي : والذي فلق الحبة وبرئ النسمة لعهد النبي الامبي لا يحبني الا مؤمن ولا يبغضني الا منافق

Kasam hai Us Zaat ki Jisne Daane ko Faada aur Usse Anaaj Ugaye aur Jisne Jaandaro Ko Paida kiya Hazūr Nabi Karīm ka Mujhse Ehed hai ke Mujhse sirf Mu`min hi Muhabbat karega aur sirf Munafiq hi mujhse Bugz rakhega.

[ Sahīh Muslim, Kitab ul Imān, Hadīth Number 78 ]

[ Kitab us Sunnah Hadīth Number 1325 ]

[ Musnad ul Bazzar Jild 2 Hadīth Number 560 ]

[ Musnad Abu Ya’la Jild 1 Safah 250-251 ]

[Sahīh Ibnu Hibban Jild 15 Hadīth Number 6924 ]

[ Sunan at-Tirmidhi Hadīth 3736, Sahīh Shaykh Albāni ].

[ Sunan Ibnu Māja Hadīth 114, Sahīh – Shaykh Albāni ]. [ Tarīkh Madina Dimashq Jild 42 Safah 284, 287, 288 ] [ Khasa`is Amīr ul Mu`minīn, Imam Nasai, Hadīth Number 97, 98, 99 ]

[ Musannaf Ibn abi Shaybah, Hadīth 32600 ].

Hadhrat Abu Sa`ed al- Khudri ( Radi Allahu anh’ ) se Riwayat hai ke Hum Ansar log, Munafiqīn ko Unki Hadhrat Ali ( Karram Allahu wajahul karīm) ke sāth Bugz ki Wajah se Pehchante they. [ Fadhail us-Sahaba Jild 2 Hadīth Number 979, Salafi Muhaqqiq shaykh Wasīullah ne kaha ke Iski Sanad Sahīh hai”.

[ Hilyatul Awliyah Jild 6 Safah 295 ]

[ Tarīkh Madina Dimashq Jild 42 Safah 285-286 ]. Hadhrath Jabir ( Radi Allahu anh’) se riwayat hai ke hume ansār me chupe huwe Munafiqo ka pata na tha siwaye un logo ke Jo Maulae Qaynat ( Radi Allahu anh’) se bugz rakhtey they. [ Fadhail us-Sahaba, Hadīth 1086, Salafi Muhaqqiq Shaykh Wasīullah ne Kaha ke iski Sanad Hasan (Fair) hai ].

[ Tarīkh Madina Dimashq Jild 42 Safah 286, 287 ]

Rasūlullah ne farmayaJo Meri Itrat aur Ansar aur Arab ka Haq na pehchane wo Teen haal se khāli nahi Ya to Munafiq hai ya Harami hai ya Haizi baccha. [ Fatawa Ridhwiya Jild 23 Safah 253 ]

Rasūlullah ne Farmaya Jise Pasand ho ke uske umr me Barakat ho khuda use apni neymato se bahra mand karde to use lazim hai ke mere baad mere Ahle bayt se acha sulūk kare. Jo aisa na kare uski umr ki barakat uth jaye aur qayāmat me mere saamne Apna

trong>ﷺ ne Farmaya

Beshaq Allah ki teen (3) hurmate hain, Jo Unki hifazat karega Allah uske Dīno Duniya mehfūz rakhe, aur Jo unki Hifa e Allah
trong>
uski dīn ki hifāzat Farma Naa Dena ki, Ek Islam ki hurmat, dusri meri Hurmat, teesri meri Qarabat ki hurmat. [ Fatawa Ridhwiya Jild 23 Safah 254-255 ]

Sādate Kiram ki Ta`zīm Wajib aur Unki tauhīn Haram hai. Sadat aur Ulema ki te
hwiya Jild 22 Safah 420 ]

Aalime deen wo hai Jo Ahle Bayte Athār se Mohabbat kare aur unki ta`zīm kare aur Jisne bhi Sadat ki n ki usne
a
na
kuf
aur
kafir hai.

Rasūlullah ne Farmaya Jo Meri Aulad aur ansar aur Arab ka haq na pehchane wo teen illato se khāli nahi ya to munafiq hai ya Harami hai Ya Haizi baccha.

Dusre Alfaz yun hai Ya M<
r< a e āki hālat me uska Hamal liya.. [ Fatawa Ridhwiya Jild 22 Safah 420 ]

Mohabbate Aale at’hār ke Bāre me mutawatir Hadīthe Balke Qur`ane Azīm ki ayate Karīma hai
قل لا أسألكم عليه أجر&ampt
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دة في القربى

Farma dijiye Aye Mehbūbe kibriya Mai tumse Uspar koi Ajr Nahi Mangta magar ye Ke Apne Aqraba ki Mohabbat tumse māngta hu.

Unki mohabbat Musalman ka hai
se meh ami Waliyaudhubillahi
wa R

Haan Sacche Muhibbane Ahle bayte kiram ke liye Roze Qayamat Neymate barakate Rāhate hain.
Rasūlullah ne Farmaya Hum ahle Bayt ki mohabbat lāzim pakdo ke Jo
se ha
Dos
e saath mil ja
ega Qasam hai u
ske Haath me Meri jaan hai Ke Kisi bande ko Uska Amal a’ d J k ra n h e. tawa Rid a Ji 2 Safah 422 ] Jo Ahle baytse muhabbat narakhe mardūd o mal`un khārji hai. [ Bahārari`aildh 262
ong&/sg>rong&gstrong>

Afsos Aye Munkirat ke murtaqib is badtarīn fel se bhi agar apka damane atqa ma`asiyat se daagdar a ke
b kar dhasega..!!

Kissing the Hand and Feet in Islam

*When we came to Madina, we raced to be first to dismount and kiss the hand and foot of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)*

*Narrated by Wazi ibn Zari (RadhiAllahu Anhu)​​*

*Abu Dawud 5206, Musnad, Bayhaqi, Fath Al Bari*

*Some people among the Jews kissed the hands and feet of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)*

*Narrated by Safwaan bin Assal (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Ibn Majah 3705*

*I saw Ali kiss the hands and feet of al-Abbas.*

*Narrated Hazrath Suhayb (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Adab al-Mufrad 976, by Imam Bukhari RadhiAllahu Anhu*

*I saw AbuNadrah kissing on the cheek of Al-Hasan*

*Narrated AbuNadrah (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Abu Dawood 5202*

*The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam received Ja’far ibn AbuTalib, embraced him and kissed him between both of his eyes (forehead)*

*Narrated Ash-Sha’bi (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Abu Dawood 5201*

*We then came near the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and kissed his hand.*

*Narrated Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Abu Dawood 5204*

*We kissed the hand of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam*

*Narrated By Hazrath Abdullah ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu)*

*Ibn Majah 3704*

*Anas RadhiAllahu Anhu was asked,*

*”Did you touch the Prophet, with your hand?” He replied, “Yes,” so they kissed it.*

*Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari 976, by Imam Bukhari RadhiAllahu Anhu*

*I have never encountered anyone that resembled the Messenger of Allah more than Fatima (RadhiAllahu Anha) in manner, likeness and speech. When she (Fatima) came to visit him (the Messenger of Allah ) he stood up (to welcome her), took her by the hand, kissed her and made her sit in his place. And when he () used to visit her, she would stand up, take him by the hand, kiss him, and make him sit where she was sitting.*

*Narrated by Aisha(RadhiAllahu Anha)*

*Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari 976, by Imam Bukhari RadhiAllahu Anhu*

*We passed by az-Zubda and were told, ‘There is Salama ibn al-Akwa’. I went to him and he greeted us. Then he brought out his hands and stated, ‘With these two hands I offered allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.’ He held out his palm which was as huge as a camel’s foot, and we got up and kissed it.*

*Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari 973, by Imam Bukhari RadhiAllahu Anhu*

Muttaqi Aal e Nabi Nahi Hota !

Kya yeh kehna durust hai ke har Muttaqi aur Parhezgar Aap ke Aal me se hai??

Jawab Mulahza Farmayen :

Hadhrath Anas bin Mālik ( Radi Allahu anhu ) se riwayat hai ke Rasūlullah ne Surat ul barāt ke Aylan ke sāth Hadhrath Abu Baqr as-Siddique ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ko Makkah bheja aur Phir Wāpis bulaya ayr Farmaya : Kisike Liye Munasib nahi ke Mere Ahle Bayt me se koi aur is Surat pohochaye, to Aap ne Hadhrath Ali ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ko bulaya aur unko wo Surat ata farmadi.

[ Khasa`is Amīr ul Mu`minīn, Imam Nasai, Hadīth number 72, Muhaqqiq ne Farmaya ke Is Hadīth ki Sanad Sahīh hai ].

[ Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Hadīth 3090, Shaykh albāni ne Farmaya ke iski sanad Hasan ( Fair ) hai ].

Hadhrath Ali ( Radi Allahu anhu ) se riwayat ke aakhir Nisf hissa ye hai :

Hadhrath Ali unse Ja mile aur Unse Kitab leli to Hadhrath Abu Baqr as-Siddique afsarda’ halat me Rasūlullah ke pas wapis laute aur arz kiya Ya Rasūl Allah kya mere muta`liq koi wahi nāzil huwi hai?? Aap ne farmaya : Nahi mujhe hukm diya gaya hai ke is zimmedari ko mai khud ada karun ya mere Ahle Bayt me se koi isko pohochaye.

[ Khasa`is Amīr ul Mu`minīn, Imam Nasai, Hadīth number 73, Muhaqqiq ne Farmaya ke Is Hadīth ki Sanad Sahīh hai ].

Sahīh Bukhāri, Hadīth Number 1622, Kitab ul Hajj

Rasūlullah bhejte hain Hadhrath Abu Baqr as-Siddique ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ko Amīre Hajj banakar, ye 9va Saale Hijrat hai Madina Tayyaba Ke Kuch Mīlo ke fāsle Par Zul hulefa hai Jaha par log Ihram Baandhte hain.

Imam Badruddin Ayni al-hanafi is maqam par likhte hain ke Hadhrath Siddiqe Akbar ( Radi Allahu anhu ) waha par Pohoche pīchey se Sarkar ne Maulae Qaynat Ali ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ko apni ūthni dekar bheja, Maula Murtudha Jab samne huwe to unse Pucha gaya ke Amīre Hajj bankar aaye ho ya Māmūr banke? Unhone Kaha Māmūr Banke Aaya hun pīchey Chalne ke Irade se Aaya hun Amīr banne ke Irade se Nahi aaya. Pucha ke fir aaye kyun ho? Kaha ke Sarkar ne mujhe bheja hai kaha mere bāre me Koi aayat to nahi nazil huwi?? Kaha aayat ka Pata to Sarkar ko hi ho sakta hai mujhe Iske Muta`liq pata nahi. Pucha fir aye kyun ho? Kaha ke Mujhe Chalkar Ke Maidane `Arfāt me Jo kuffar ke sath kiye huwe Mo`ayde hain Unke Todne ka Aylan karna hai. Unhone kaha ke ye kaam to Mai bhi Kar sakta hun apki Aane ki kya zarurat hai? Maulae Qaynat ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ne Kaha Chalo Fir Sarkar se hi puchlen.

Siddiqe Akbar ( Radi Allahu anhu ) wapis gaye aur Farmaya Ya Rasūl Allah mere bāre me koi aayat nāzil huwi hai?? Kaha ke Koi nazil nahi huwi. Farmaya ke Fir Ali ko kyun bheja hai. Kaha aylan karne ke Liye. Sayyiduna Siddiqe Akbar ( Radi Allahu anhu ) ne kaha aylan to mai bhi kar sakta tha Sarkar ne Farmaya :

Aye Ali Aylan ya Mai kar Sakta hun ya Meri Ahle Bayt me se Koi Aylan Kar sakta hai Ye Mo`ayda aysa hai ke Iska Aylan ya mai khud kar sakta hun ya Meri Ahle Bayt ka koi Fard iska Aylan kar sakta hai.

[ Umdat ul Qari Sharh Sahīh Bukhāri Jild 9 Safah 380, Imam Badruddin Ayni al-hanafi ].

In Roshan tarīn Tasrīhāt ke baad ahbāb khud jawab Faraham karen ke Jab Taqwe aur Parhezgari ki wajah se Sayyiduna Abu baqr as-Siddiqui ( Radi Allahu anhu ) Ahle Bayt me Shāmil na ho sake to Aaj kal ke dawedar Kaise shāmil ho sakte hain Jabke Siddique Akbar ( Radi Allahu anhu ) se bada koi muttaqi aur parhezgar ho sakta hai??

Isse ye kehna Bātil Sabit huwa ke Har Muttaqi aur parhezgar Aap ke Aal se hai.

“Sign’s of Fake Peer or Pir / Murshid / Sufi Shaykh”

“Now a days alots of empty vessels claimed as a Sufi Shaykh. But in reality they are curse on society”

“Some signs of fake peers which are common in today’s Society”

fake-stamp

He picks and chooses which to follow from Shariah,

He enjoys the company of women mostly.

He asks for money under the pretext of using it for good purposes which in reality is for his own purposes.

He makes people whom he has trapped to swear on the Qur’an Shareef that they will continue to support him financially, whatever be the condition.

He goes further in lying about dreaming of Sayyidinah Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa Sallam telling him to tell so and so to swear on the Qur’an Shareef that they will continue to give money to him to help the poor.

He always earning fame by using social media ,living luxurious & lavish life with fashionable look & style.

Despite knowing that a person is already Mureed to a Shaykh, he compells that person to take bai’at from him and further says to the person that his peer is fake and his bai’at is null.

He shamelessly boast about his blood lineage and qualifies other Shaykh as inferior.

He lies and says that one can safely lie without condition for the sake of Islam.

He also believes in reincarnation.

“Fake Aalims also dangerous like fake peers in this ummah ,Fake Aalims also want all publicity , name and fame and money. So, Save yourself & others innocent”

“Permissibility of Faatiha Teeja, Daswaan and Chaliswaan(Chehellum) from Quran & Hadith”

The reward (Sawab) of physical and financial good deeds is conveyed and received in favour of the other Muslim and it is permissible, in support of which there are many proofs provided by the verses of the Holy Qur’an, AHadith of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and the sayings (statements) of the religious scholars. The Holy Qur’an has stressed upon Muslims to pray for the welfare of other Muslims as brothers and well wishers in the Islamic fraternity; funeral prayer of deceased Muslim is a glaring example in this behalf. In the Mishkaat, Babul Fitan, Babul Malaahim, Chapter Two, there is a saying of Hazrat Abu Huraira:

    يضمن لي منكم أن أصلي في مسجد العشاء ، يعني بالأيلة ركعتين أو أربعة ، يقول هذه عن أبي هريرة
    Is there any of you who will undertake to pray two or four rak’ahs on my behalf in the  Masjid of al-Ashshar, stating, “they are on behalf of Abu Hurayrah”

Sunan Abi Dawood, Kitab al-Malaahim, Vol 2, Page 244, Hadith 3754
Shau’ab al-Iman lil Bayhaqi, Bab al Fadail al-Hajj wa al-Umrah, Vol. 9, Page 152, Hadith 3960

From the above narration three clear problems and their solutions can be deduced namely:

     1). To offer physical act of worship (Namaz) with the intention of conveying the thawab of that Namaz to any other person is permissible.
    2). To utter by the tongue praying Almighty Allah to convey the thawab to so and so (by Name) is much better than simple intention.
    3). To offer the Namaz in the Masjid of some righteous saintly person with the intention of receiving more thawab is also permissible.

 

Fatiha, Teeja (Fatiha made on the 3rd day after a person’s death), Daswaan (the 10th day after) and Chaliswaan (on the 40th day after) etc. pertain to the exclusive category of Eesal-e-Sawab and not for receiving any benefit for one’s own self! On these occasions Fatiha (recitation of Qur’an a kind of physical deed of goodness) and Sadqah (a mode of financial involvement) are done mainly, rather exclusively for conveying the reward (Eesal-e-Sawab), in favour of the deceased persons whether near and dear ones or some spiritual dignitaries (Awliya Allah) who are in themselves the fountain heads of blessing and beneficence for their devotees.

In Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan, it is said while commenting on the verse 155 of Surah An’aam:

    وعن حميد الاعرج قال من قرء القران و ختمه ثم دعا امن علي دعائه اربعة الاف ملک ثم لايزالون يدعون له و يستغفرون و يصلون عليه الي المساء او الي الصباح
    It is reported from Hazrat Aa’raj that the person who completes the recitation of the Holy Qur’an from beginning (at a stretch or with intermittent intervals) then prays for its acceptance along with the fulfillment of his desires in the Presence of Almighty Allah, on that occasion four thousand angels say Aameen and they (the angels) remain engaged in the prayer (Dua) for the betterment and forgiveness of that person from morning to evening or from evening to morning. [Tafsir Rooh al-Bayan, Vol. 3, Page 156/157, Under Verse 155 of Surah al-An’aam]

This very subject has also been mentioned in the book of Imam Nawawi’s Kitab al Azkaar, Chapter relating to the Tilawat (recitation of the Holy Quran).

It is evident from the above presented reference that the prayer begged from Almighty Allah on the conclusion of the Completion of recitation of the Qur’an (known as Khatm-e-Quran), is granted by Almighty Allah. The deed of Eesal-e-Sawab is also a dua (invocation) in the Presence of Almighty Allah. This means that if the Eesal-e-Sawab is done when the Tilawat of the Quran has been done in full, it shall be most beneficial both for the person for whom the Eesal-e-Sawab is intended and the person or persons who help completing the reciting of the Quran for that purpose.

In the book Ash’atul Lam’at it is said in the chapter Ziyaratil Qubur (visiting the graves ),

    وتصدق کردہ شوداز میت بعد رفتن اداز عالمتا ہفت روز
    “After the death of the deceased, the sadqah should be given for seven days”. [Ashiat al-Lam’at, Vol. 1, Page 716]

At another place in the some book it is said,
 

    وبعض روایات آمدہ است کہ روح میت مے آید خانہ خورا شب جمعہ پس نظرمی کند کہ تصدق کنند از دے یا نہ
    “The soul of the deceased visits its home in the night of Friday to see whether the inmates (relatives) are offering sadqah or not.” [Ashiat al-Lam’at, Vol. 1, Page 716]

From this it is seen that at places where breads are distributed for seven days continuously (daily) after the demise of the relative and offer Fatiha regularly on each Thursday, the ceremony has this origin as to its admissibility.

In the book Anwar-e-Sati’aah and Hashiyah Khazanat ar-Riwayaat it is written that

    Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) offered sadqah on the third, seventh and fortieth day of the martyrdom of Sayyiduna Hamzah and repeated the same at every sixth months and at the end of the year. [Anwaar-e-Sati’ah, Page 145]

This is the origin and reality of the generally known Teeja, Chaaleewan, Shash Mahi (sixth monthly) and Barsi (yearly) Fatiha among the Sunni Muslims.

Imam al-Nawawi Alaihir rahma has said:

    Hazrat Anas bin Malik used to gather his family members on the occasion of Khatm al-Quran and offered Fatiha, in the Presence of Allah for the welfare of all. [Kitab al-Azkaar, Baab Tilawatil Qur’an]

Hazrat Hakeem Ibn Utbah says that:

    Once Ibn Abi Lubabah invited a group of the people and told them that he had invited them at his home because he was completing the Khatm al-Qur’an on that day so that they might benefit thereby as the dua on that auspicious occasion receives the acceptance from the Almighty Allah. [Kitab al-Azkaar, Baab Tilawatil Qur’an]

It is also reported by Hazrat Mujahid on reliable authority that

    Some righteous persons used to gather the people on the occasion of the Khatm al-Qur’an and told them that on this occasion, the Mercy (Rahmat) from Allah descends upon those present there. [Kitab al-Azkaar, Baab Tilawatil Qur’an]

This provides sanction from holding the gathering on the occasions of Teejah, and Cheh’lam (Chaliswan) is a practice among the saintly persons of the Ahlus Sunnah, which is in a sense their sunnah.

In Raddul Muhtar it is said that according to a Hadith:

    من قرأ الإِخلاص أحد عشر مرة ثم وهب أجرها للأموات أعطي من الأجرِ بعدد الأموات
    If a person recites Surah Ikhlas eleven times and conveys its sawab to the deceased Muslims, then he himself shall receive the Sawab equal to the total reward given to the souls of the deceased Muslims. [Raddul Muhtar, Qir’at lil Mayyit, Baab ad-Dafan, Vol. 1, Page 666]

It is said in the Shaami:

    و يقرء من القران ماتيسرله من الفاتحة و اول البقرة و اية الکرسي و امن الرسول و سورة يس و تبارک الملک و سوره التکاثر و الاخلاص اثني عشر مرة او احدي عشر او سبعا او ثلاثا ثم يقول اللهم اوصل ثواب ماقرئناه الي فلان او اليهم
    One may recite the Holy Qur’an by way of Fatiha, on any particular occasion in the following manner: In the beginning Surah Fatiha, then the first there verses of the Surah Baqrah then Ayat-ul-Kursi, the last three verses of the Surah Baqrah, then Surah Yasin, Surah Mulk, Surah Takathur and in the end Surah Ikhlas the last one recited Twelve times or Eleven times or Seven times or Three time then pray to Almighty Allah for the Eesal-e-Sawab in favour of so and so person or persons. [Raddul Muhtar, Qir’at lil Mayyit, Baab ad-Dafan, Vol. 1, Page 666]

In the above passages full procedure of the known offering of Fatiha has been outlined, which in short is that the man offering Fatiha should recite the Holy Qur’an from different places and finally pray to Almighty Allah to grant the reward of the recitation in favour of or persons concerned. Since it is sunnah to raise hand at the time of final prayer of Eesal-e-Sawab, the man should raise both palms joined together up to the shoulders. Thus the proof of the Fatiha is established.

It is said in the Fatawa Aziziyah:

    طعامیکہ ثواب آن نیاز حضرت امامین نمایند برآں قل و فاتحہ ودرود خواندن متبرک می شود وخوردن بسیار خوب است
    “The Fatiha which is intended for Hazrat Imam Hasan and Hazrat Imam Hussain on the food prepared for the occasion should be offerred with the recitation of the Surah Fatiha accompanied by four Quls and the Durood which is the source of blessing and eating the food prepared for the occasion is also blissful.” [Fatawa Aziziyah, Page 75]

In the Fatawa-e-Azizia, at page 41 it is said:

    اگر مالیدہ و شیر برائے فاتحہ بزرگے بقصد ایصال ثواب بروح ایشاں پختہ بخوراند جائز است مضائقہ نیست
    “If the Fatiha for the thawab of the Awliya Allah is offered on the food prepared with the milk and the bread meshed together (known as Maleedah) is also permissible and there is no harm in doing so.” [Fatawa Aziziyah, Vol. 1 , Page 41]

ؑEven the Teeja of Shah Waliullah (who the opposition accepts as their leader) took place. It is recorded in Malfoozat-e-Abdul Aziz:

    روز سوم کثرت ہجوم مردم آں قدر بود کہ بیروں از حساب است ہشتادویک کلام اللہ بہ شمار آمدہ و زیادہ ہم شدہ باشد و کلمہ را حصریست
    In the Teeja (3rd after the demise) of Shah Waliyullah there was a huge crowd of persons who could not be counted easily and number of the Khat’m-e-Qur’an was no less then eighty one or more and the repetition of the Kalima-e-Tayyabah was literally beyond numbers. [Malfoozat-e-Abdul Aziz, Page 80]

This justifies the ceremony of the Fatiha and Teeja and the recitation of the Holy Qur’an as much as it is convenient preferably the Khatm-e-Qur’an.

 

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“Qasim Nanotvi of Madrissa Deoband, writes in his book Tehzeer an-Naas”

جنید کے کسی مرید کا رنگ یکایک متغیر ہوگیا۔ آپ نے سبب پوچھا تو بروے مکاشفہ اس سے یہ کہا کہ اپنی ماں کو دوزخ میں دیکھتا ہوں حضرت جنید نے ایک لاکھ پانچ ہزار بار کلمہ پڑھا تھا یوں سمجھ کر بعض روایات میں اس قدر کلمہ کے ثواب پر وعدہ مغفرت ہے، آپ نے جی ہی جی میں اس مرید کی ماں کو بخش دیا اور اس کی اطلاع نہ دی۔ بخشتے ہی کیا دیکھتے ہیں کہ وہ جوان ہشاش بشاش ہے۔ آپ نے سبب پوچھا۔ اس نے عرض کیا کہ اپنی ماں کو جنت میں دیکھتا ہوں۔ آپ نے اس پر یہ فرمایا کہ اس جوان کے مکاشفہ کی صحت تو مجھ کو حدیث سے معلوم ہوئی۔ اور حدیث کی تصحیح اس کے مکاشفہ سے ہوگئی۔
    “In a meeting, the colour of the face of one Murid of Hazrat Junaid changed suddenly (due to fear). Hadrat Junaid asked him the reason for this sudden fear, the murid explained through mukashifah that he has seen his mother in the hell. Hazrat Junaid had previously recited the Kalima one Lac and five thousand times. Believing that as he had come to know according to certain traditions (riwayat) that by reciting the Kalima for one Lac and five thousand times and the Eesal-e-Sawab thereof in favour of certain deceased there is hope that the deceased shall be granted forgiveness by Almighty Allah, Hazrat Junaid offered the thawab of the said Kalima to the mother of his murid, secretly and silently in his heart without informing the murid. Within a few moments the murid was seen bursting with delight and happiness. On being asked the reason of this sudden change he said that he was seeing his mother joyfully admitted in the Paradise Then Hazrat Junaid explained the situation and said that he had come to know the Mukashifah correctness of the young man through the Hadith and the correctness of the Hadith was confirmed by the Mukashifa of that man.” [Tehzeer al-Naas, Page 24]

From this passage it is observed that through the recitation of the Kalima Tayyaba one lac and five thousand times, and on being given reward to him, it is hoped that the deceased Muslim shall be forgiven of his short comings in the world. This tradition of Esal-e-Thawab has been accepted as the part of the Teeja.

The only  aspect for consideration is whether the food should be kept in front and then offers the Fatiha, by raising hands. There are many Ahadith concerning this point. It is recorded in Mishkaat Sharif, Chapter of Miracles (Al-Mu’jizaat). It is reported by Hadrat Abu Huraira that once he brought some dates in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and requested him to pray for its abundant growth

    فضمهن ثم دعا لي فيهن بالبرکة
    The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) mixed these dates together and prayed for increased growth of the dates (dry fruit). [Tirmidhi, Bab al-Manaqib, Vol 12, Page 327, Hadith 3774]

It is recorded in the Mishkaat, Babul Mujizat that in the Battle of Tabuk,

    At one stage of the battle a shortage of food was felt in the Islamic army. The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) asked every man present there to bring whatever was with him. Every one brought whatever was with him and presented it to the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). The tablecloth was spread. The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) prayed for the blessing over the food so spread. After this he asked the men to put back the food in the utensils (pots) as a reserve for eating at the food time. [Mishkat al-Masabih, Baab al-Maujizat, Page 539]

In the same Mishkaat, it is also recorded that

    On the wedding of the Holy Prophet (peace be upno him) with Hadrat Zainab, Hadrat Umm-e-Saleem prepared a small quantity of valima in celebration of the wedding. But the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) invited a large number of Companions to attend the Valima. The food was obviously short. The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) recited some prayer on the food and passed his Holy hand over the food. [Mishkat al-Masabih, Baab al-Maujizat, Page 539]

There is yet another incident of praying over the food for the blessing in the food which is recorded in the same Mishkaat and it is that

    On the occasion of the battle of Trench (Ghazwa-e-Khandaq), the Companion Hazrat Jabir prepared some small quantity of food for the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). When the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) came to Hazrat Jabir, He brought some kneaded flour with intent for prayer for its sufficiency to feed the number of guest-companions whom the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) had brought with them to participate in taking the food. The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) offered Dua for the barkaah in the food and mixed his blessed saliva (lu’ab) as a token of blessing. [Mishkat al-Masabih, Baab al-Maujizat, Page 539]

However, it suffices to prove that necessary stages of the Fatiha described in these lines, prove the Fatiha as a permissible offering for the purpose of Eesal-e-Sawab. It is now clear that Fatiha is the combination of the above mentioned two things namely, the recitation of the Quran and Sadqah which are obviously permissible as well as the means and medium of blessing (barkat) in their own way. Then why should the combination of these two in the offering of Fatiha be considered as Haram, when the intent has no mundane or worldly gain in the offering of Fatiha?

For obvious reasons when the ingredients of many eatables are halaal, then on what grounds the combination of these ingredients be declared as unlawful or haraam when the prepared combination does not produce any objectionable result which is not permissible in the laws of the shariah. The other point to observe in this regard is that the thing for which fatiha or dua for blessing is sought, should be placed before the person doing the dua. This is sunnah and the tradition of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) as we have seen that in the cases mentioned in these lines the things for which blessing was prayed were placed before the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). The funeral pier (Janaza) of the deceased is placed in front of the Imam who leads the funeral prayer and offers the Dua forgiveness in the Presence of Allah. Just in the same way the foodstuff on which blessing is sought is placed before the person offering the dua. There appears no valid justification for objecting this gesture of seeking Blessings from Almighty Allah. It is said that the Syeduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi Wa Sallam while sacrificing the animal of Qurbani prayed for the blessings in favour of the Ummah while the animal of sacrifice lay before him, he recited he following dua on that occasion:

    اللهم هذا من امة محمد
    O Allah! Accept this Qurbani (Sacrifice) on behalf of my Ummah. [Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 2, Page 30]

The Dua on the occasion of Aqiqa is also recited over the sacrificial animal that remains before the sight. Reciting Bismillah before eating the food kept in front is the command of the Shariagh. Bismillah, as we all know, is the verse of the Holy Qur’an. Fatiha for Eesal-e-Sawab or blessing is the process on a larger scale but not different in any way!

The leader of the prohibitors of the Fatiha is also in favour of the Fatiha in the current manner. Shah Waliyullah in his book Kitabul Intibah fi Salassil Auliya writes as under.

    پس دہ مرتبہ درود خوانند ختم تمام کنند بر قدرے شیرینی فاتحہ بنام خواجگان چشت عموماً بخواند و حاجت از خدا سوال نمایند
    “Then recite the Durood ten times and after completing it offer the Fatiha in the name and on behalf of the Khwajgan-e-Chisht on some sweets and then pray to Allah for His Blessing.” [Kitabul Intibah fi Salassil Auliya, Page 114]

Shah Waliyullah in his other book ‘Zubdatun Nasaaiq’ writes while replying to a question addressed to him:

    وشیر برنج بر فاتحہ بزرگے بقصد ایصال ثواب بروح الیشاں یزند و بخورند مضائقہ نیست و اگر فاتحہ بنام بزرگے وادہ شود اغنیا راہم خوردن جائز است
    “Offer Fatiha on the food cooked with the mixture of rice and milk for the Eesal-e-Sawab of some Wali Allah and eat some of this yourself besides offering to the poor and the needy, If the Fatiha is offered in the name of some mystic great personality. Then this can be taken even by rich and the well to do persons.” [Zubdat an-Nasaiq, Page 132]

“Hazrat Haji Imdadullah, the Murshid of Ashraf Ali Thanwi and Rashid Ahmad Gangohi has written in his book ‘Faisla Haft Mas’ala”

“No one has any objection and it is acceptable to all that the issue of Eesal-e-Thawab by itself for the blessings of the deceased persons is justifiable; however if the Fatiha or Eesal-e-Sawab is done in the name of some chosen person and restrict in the blessing thereof exclusively to that personality, believing it as Fard or Waajib, then such a course is prohibited except that this exclusive offering is on account of some specific reason without believing as Fard and Waajib, then such an offering can be allowed. This may be taken as or suggesting recitation of certain part of the Holy Qur’an in the offering of some Nawafils or other suggested prayers. The latter course has the approval and consent of the religious scholars, for example, practice of some Mashaikh in the Namaz of Tahajjud.” [Faisla Haft Mas’alah]

Then at another place he says:

    “Though the intent in the heart for offering any namaz is permissible, but in order to have a kind of union between the heart and the tongue, it is advisable if the intent (Niyat) of the Namaz may also be uttered by tongue. Apropos of this holy intent in respect of the Namaz, if a few words O Allah! Grant the Sawab of this Fatiha to some deceased. It should be taken as something permissible, This in other words, justifies the offering of the Fatiha or Eisale Sawab, as is usually done by devotees of the Sunnat wal Jama’at, especially some portion of the Holy Qur’an is also recited in the latter occasions in which the sawab of the Quran will be added to the offering of Fatiha. The most striking feature of this admissibility of the Nazar-o-Niyaz as the high ideals expressed by the great scholar” [Faisla Haft Mas’alah]

Hazrat Haji Sahib continues saying:

    “The Giyarhween of Ghaus Pak, Daswan, Beeswan, Chehlam, Shashmahi and Salan (The fatiha ceremonies of the day, twentieth day, fortieth day, the Sixth montly and the Annual Fatihas), Tosha of Hadrat Shaikh Abdul Haq and Barsini of Hadrat Shah Bu Ali Qalander, the Halwa of Shab-e-Bra’at and other modes of fatiha etc come within the purview of this general admissibility.” [Faisla Haft Mas’alah]

The broad hearted words of the great Pir Sahib have settled the problem of Fatiha as a great and worth while decision in this behalf, on the moral logical, philosophical, religious, and spiritual grounds, leaving no justifiable excuse or objection in this behalf and if any such things crop up by way of objection or denial then it will not be difficult to answer them effectively!